Fencing Officiating – Refereeing Dry Bouts IV | Nara

One of the crucial tough duties the referee faces in a dry bout is figuring out whether or not or not a selected fencing motion ends in the award of a contact. Though the referee is assisted by the jury of 4 judges, two watching every fencer, the fundamental accountability for managing the awarding of a contact is the referee’s alone. That makes the voting course of within the jury is one thing that have to be second nature to the referee.

Any doable contact generates two questions that have to be resolved earlier than the contact is awarded. These are:

(1) is the contact materials, and

(2) is the contact legitimate?

Dedication of whether or not or not successful arrived (materiality) is finished by a voting course of involving the referee and jury. Dedication of whether or not successful is awarded or not (validity) is finished by the referee alone by making use of the principles of proper of method in foil or sabre or precedence in epee.

For every motion in a phrase the referee questions the 2 judges watching the fencer towards whom the motion is directed. The order by which the referee questions is immaterial, however each have to be requested earlier than the referee states his or her vote. The judges and the referee vote as follows:

Sure – a “sure” vote signifies that the decide or referee has seen the hit arrest on the opponent on the goal for that weapon. This vote is utilized in all three weapons.

Sure, however not legitimate – a “sure however not legitimate” (usually colloquially said as “off course”) signifies that the decide or referee has seen successful arrest, however that the hit was not on the legitimate goal. This vote is utilized in solely in foil (until you’re fencing sabre below older guidelines with an off-target space in sabre). Hits off the sabre goal space in dry bouts supposed to resemble the circumstances of recent fencing are “no.”

No – a “no” vote means the decide or referee noticed the place the blade went and that it didn’t land with an arrest. In foil or epee, it could have slapped or grazed the goal. In all three weapons it merely could not have landed in any respect.

Abstain – a vote of “abstain” signifies that the decide or referee was not in a position to see the place the hit landed, or if it did, as a result of it was out of the sector of view or in any other case couldn’t be decided.

Every decide has 1 vote. The referee has 1 ½ votes. There are thus a complete of three ½ doable votes on every dedication of materiality. Abstentions don’t rely as a vote. The voting course of can arrive on the following conclusions:

(1) The 2 judges agree on no (no hit arrived), sure however not legitimate (successful arrived however off course), or sure (a fabric hit occurred).

(2) If one decide has a particular vote and the opposite abstains, the referee’s vote determines the materiality.

(3) If the 2 judges have a particular vote, however the votes are opposite, or if each judges abstain, the referee’s vote determines the materiality.

(4) If all three officers abstain the result’s a uncertain hit. On this case the referee could ask the judges on the alternative finish of the strip in the event that they noticed successful if the referee believes they might have been higher positioned to see successful (successful to the again for example).

There are particular instances which complicate this additional. If one decide votes no, the opposite sure however not legitimate, and the referee votes sure, there may be settlement that there was successful, however there isn’t a settlement that the hit was on the legitimate goal. Any following motion is annulled.

And if one decide votes sure and the opposite sure however not legitimate with the referee abstaining, there may be settlement that there was successful, however no settlement as to the place. Once more following motion is annulled.

The uncertain hit occupies a particular place in figuring out materiality and validity. If Fencer A scores a uncertain hit, and Fencer B scores a fabric hit following, Fencer B’s hit is annulled and no contact awarded within the phrase. Nonetheless, if Fencer A scores a uncertain hit, no intervening hit is scored by Fencer B, and Fencer A scores on a subsequent remise or riposte, then Fencer A’s second hit is allowed. As famous above, if a uncertain hit outcomes the place there was settlement {that a} hit arrived, however whether or not the hit was on legitimate goal, all subsequent motion is annulled.

The voting course of must be dealt with with a minimal of delay. Gradual and hesitant motion by the referee and not sure votes by the judges confuse the fencers and trigger a lack of confidence within the officers. Because of this anybody refereeing dry bouts should follow and follow till the method of voting turns into automated.



Source by Walter Green

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